Comparing our types of wool

Natural wool fibers offer a fascinating range of textures, characteristics, and applications. This blog post delves into the world of our GIESSWEIN production, exploring the unique differences among five selected types of wool. From the unparalleled fineness of Merino wool to the versatility of virgin wool, crossbred wool, and the luxury of cashmere, all the way to the wonderful world of alpaca.


Merino wool refers to the high-quality fleece obtained from Merino sheep. The fleece of the Merino sheep comprises lightweight, thin hairs that withstand extreme temperature fluctuations. Unlike regular sheep's wool, Merino fibers are much finer, measuring only about half the thickness. Merino fibers typically range between 16.5 and 24 micrometers (a thousandth of a millimeter) in diameter. For comparison, human hair is approximately 30 to 80 micrometers thick.

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Merio Runners from Giesswein

Merino Runners


Virgin wool is a generic term for wool. Unlike specific types like Merino wool, sourced from Merino sheep, virgin wool can be obtained from various sheep breeds. It's obtained by shearing the sheep and is characterized by its durability, insulation properties, and versatility.

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jackets made of virgin wool from giesswein

jackets made of virgin wool - WOMEN

jackets made of virgin wool - MEN

Our knitted wool jackets undergo an intricate process: knitting, boiling, and mechanical finishing. This results in an extremely comfortable, durable felted fabric.


Crossbred wool is produced through breeding sheep that result from crosses between different sheep breeds. Essentially, crossbred wool is a blend of Merino wool and coarser virgin wool. These breeding practices are carried out to combine specific characteristics of wool, such as merging the softness of Merino wool with the durability and resilience of a coarser quality.

Woolpops from Giesswein


The characteristic traits of crossbred wool shine particularly well in our slippers, showcasing their softness and flexibility to perfection.


Cashmere wool, often simply referred to as cashmere, is one of the most luxurious and high-quality natural fibers obtained from the undercoat of cashmere goats. The wool is collected in spring through gentle combing or shearing of the goats.

Cashmere wool is characterized by its exceptional softness, lightness, and warmth. Its insulation properties are remarkable as the fibers trap air, providing natural insulation against cold without being heavy or bulky.

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beanie ölberg from giesswein

Beanie Ölberg

With our "Ölberg" hat, you can experience the airy and light sensation of cashmere at its finest.


Alpaca wool comes from alpacas, bred primarily for their soft and fine wool. Their fibers are finer than sheep's wool and tend to be less scratchy, making them ideal for sensitive skin. The insulation properties of alpaca wool are impressive as it keeps you warm without being heavy or bulky.

beanie hochanger from giesswein

Beanie Hochanger

Alpaca wool features in some of our Giesswein hats. This choice is ideal because alpaca fibers, due to their fineness, tend to be less scratchy, ensuring a comfortable wearing experience.

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